On 20th of April 2010, the day when the tragic Deepwater Horizon oil spill took place, it is believed that more than 4.9 million barrels of oil escaped from the well. The accident happened in the Gulf of Mexico and it is also known as the BP oil disaster. The cause of this disaster was a blowout of the wellhead, and the damages in human lives include 11 dead workers on the well and 17 other men injured from the accident.
Unfortunately for the marine habitat and also for the health of the inhabitants near the Gulf of Mexico, the well stayed open for more than 3 months, spilling oil and making life difficult for all the environment around it. After the first release of crude oil in a huge quantity of 780,000 cubic meters, the well continued to release oil daily.
Right after the accident, the same well released around 62,000 barrels of oil in a day, and since it has decreased, for an estimated quantity of 53,000 barrels each day. The reason for the decreasing is the depletion of the hydrocarbons which were entertaining the reservoir, in a gradual way.
The total loss of the oil in the ocean was about 5 million barrels until the leak was eventually capped, between April 20 and July 15. According to a Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution study, not only oil was spilled after the explosion, but also natural gas. With 100 million standard cubic feet release every day, the Deepwater Horizon explosion was qualified as the biggest and largest oil spill in the waters of the United States of America.
The area affected by the oil is also one of the largest in the history of marine accidents, and it covered from 2,500 square miles to 68,000 square miles. Even the people around the Gulf of Mexico could feel the secondary effects of the spelling, and the economies of the neighboring cities affected as well, in the negative sense.
The well, however, has been officially sealed only 4 months later, in 19 September 2010, when no other, and ever since the wheel stopped releasing oil or gas. The damages have yet to be paid for, but in the near future it should all come together, and this incident could be left behind, but never forgotten.Hor