Floro Ernesto Caroleo and Francesco Pastore This book was conceived to collect selected essays presented at the session on "The Labour Market Impact of the European Union Enlargements. A New Regional Geography of Europe?" of the XXII Conference of the Italian Association of Labour Economics (AIEL). The session aimed to stimulate the debate on the continuity/ fracture of regional patterns of development and employment in old and new European Union (EU) regions. In particular, we asked whether, and how different, the causes of emergence and the evolution of regional imbalances in the new EU members of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) are compared to those in the old EU members. Several contributions in this book suggest that a factor common to all backward regions, often neglected in the literature, is to be found in their higher than average degree of structural change or, more precisely, in the hardship they expe- ence in coping with the process of structural change typical of all advanced economies. In the new EU members of CEE, structural change is still a consequence of the continuing process of transition from central planning to a market economy, but also of what Fabrizio et al. (2009) call the "second transition", namely that related to the run-up to and entry in the EU.
This study paper investigates the relation between women and men's life stages in Denmark, and their time allocation in paid work, household work, childcare, and leisure time, and, in particular, how this allocation changes when moving from one stage to another stage. The study uses a new Danish panel dataset merged with Danish administrative register data, which allows for analyzing the impact of individual endogenous characteristics of the respondents, such as preferences for doing specific activities. It has been found that the labor supply of fathers of preschool children is not different from that of young men without children, while there is a negative correlation between mothers of preschool children and young women's labor supply. In comparing fathers and mothers of school children with those of preschool children, the study finds a positive correlation in both genders' labor supply. However, fixed effects estimations do not result in a reduction in mothers, nor in fathers, to preschool children's labor supply, indicating that there are some inborn characteristics for the other life-stage changes, which are not revealed by doing ordinary cross-sectional analyses.
This volume presents a body of research conducted over more than thirty years, including an intensive interdisciplinary five-year study begun in 1991. Chapters include studies of the relationships of biogeography and climate to the region's air pollution, the chemical and physiological mechanisms of ozone injury, as well as the impacts of nitrogen-containing pollutants and natural stresses on polluted forests.
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