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Hydraulic Fracturing Impacts and Technologies: A Multidisciplinary Perspective serves as an introduction to hydraulic fracturing and provides balanced coverage of its benefits and potential negative effects. Presenting a holistic assessment of hydraulic fracturing and its environmental impacts, this book chronicles the history and development of unconventional oil and gas production and describes the risks associated with the use of these technologies. More specifically, it addresses hydraulic fracturing's use and dependence on large amounts of water as a fracturing medium. It examines the limits of reusing flowback and produced water, explores cost-effective ways to clean or effectively dispose of water used in fracturing, and provides suggestions for the efficient use, discovery, and recycle potential of non-potable water. Utilizing a team of experts from industry and academia, the text provides readers with a multiple lens approach-incorporating various perspectives and solutions surrounding this evolving technology. This book: * Leads with an overview of hydraulic fracturing operations and technologies * Considers a variety of legal issues associated with hydraulic fracturing * Summarizes human health and environmental risks associated with hydraulic fracturing operations * Discusses the analytes chosen by researchers as possible indicators of groundwater contamination from unconventional drilling processes * Presents strategies for reducing the freshwater footprint of hydraulic fracturing * Discusses water treatment technologies and solutions to recycle and reuse produced waters, and more Hydraulic Fracturing Impacts and Technologies: A Multidisciplinary Perspective brings together experts from disciplines that include petroleum, civil, and environmental engineering; environmental sciences chemistry toxicology; law; media; and communications; and provides readers with a multidisciplinary outlook and unbiased, scientifically credible solutions to issues surrounding hydraulic fracturing operations.
This book entitled "Environmental Impact Assessment and Management," embodies 15 chapters covering a wide spectrum. Chapter 1 contains details of EIA, Basic elements and Methodologies. Further, important guidelines to be followed before establishing industries, water related projects and transport related projects are narrated in Chapter 2. Important case studies of EIA viz, second stage expansion of Malpe fishing harbour, Human impact on Himalayan Ecosystem, Konkan Railway Project, Heavy metal pollution in the Coovum river, an impact prediction for an irrigation project and impact of cement making on the air quality of Coimbatore, are dealt in Chapter 3. Once a project comes into existence, it results in side effects of the immediate environment which are evident on the consecutive 5-10 years of operation. Therefore, its efficiency and pollution abatement systems should be checked and corrected in a manner similar to financial auditing and this aspect has been incorporated in Chapter 4. Now-a-days due to the rapid process of urbanization, all the cities of India have accumulated a lot of filth leading to ghasty smell, loss of property value and the spread of diseases. In order to have a clean environment, we have to have a systematic refuse management package for Indian conditions. As illustrations of this view, the urban solid waste management in Hyderabad, Shimoga and Rourkee cities have been explained in the Chapter 5 and 6 respectively. The consecutive chapters deal on various other aspects such as coastal zone management, deforestation, impact of mining on fisheries, wild life management, termite pest control, bioremediation of wastes by hydrophytes, role of remote sensing in EIA, Kaiga environment and management of food protection.
This book features over 570 colour photographs, including stunning plant directories, inspirational plantings, and practical step-by-step techniques. Providing all the essential gardening know-how, it shows how to create a fabulous garden with lasting impact, year-round colour and delicious scent. It teaches how to use scented bulbs, annuals, shrubs and trees to create a welcoming and relaxing outdoor environment. Here, is the ultimate inspirational guide to planning, creating and maintaining bountiful borders of beautiful blooms all year round. This is a book for the enthusiastic and practical as well as the aspirational gardener. It shows how to make best use of a plant's features to create a particular style of garden, and how to keep your garden looking good all year round. Packed with essential information, hints and professional tips, this is the perfect planting guide and practical handbook.
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