A typical design procedure for model predictive control or control performance monitoring consists of:
Both design problems need an explicit model form and both require this three-step design procedure. Can this design procedure be simplified? Can an explicit model be avoided? With these questions in mind the work presented in this book forms a new design paradigm that eliminates the first and second step of the above design procedure. The subjects treated include:
closed-loop subspace identification;
predictive control design;
multivariate control performance assessment.
The approach presented in this book can be considered to be "data-driven" in the sense that no traditional parametric models are used; hence, the intermediate subspace matrices, which are obtained directly from the process data and otherwise identified as a first step in the subspace identification methods, are used directly for the designs. Without using an explicit model, the design procedure is greatly simplified and the modelling error caused by parameterization is eliminated."
Monitoring of Cerebral and Spinal Haemodynamics During Neurosurgery is a comprehensive description of subdural monitoring of intracranial pressure (ICP) during neurosurgery. It offers thorough analysis of a comprehensive database consisting of measurements of ICP, cerebral perfusion pressure and other relevant physiological data from more than 1,800 patients subjected to intracranial surgery at Aarhus University Hospital. Features of anaesthesia, both inhalation and total intravenous, are discussed, and measures to reduce ICP are described. A majority of the patients had supratentorial tumours, but the database also includes patients with infratentorial tumours and patients with no intracranial space-occupying lesions. A chapter is reserved for discussion of the special features of children with cerebral tumours.
"A Practical Approach to Neurophysiologic Intraoperative Monitoring" discusses all practical aspects of neurophysiologic intraoperative monitoring (NIOM), which is increasingly being used to continuously assess the functional integrity of a patient's nervous system during surgery. With wide use of bullet points, tables, and illustrations, this manual is essential reading for neurologists, neuroanesthesiologists, neurosurgeons, and OR techs.Education in NIOM is seldom available in traditional training programs, and textbooks on the subject are few and limited in scope. "A Practical Approach to Neurophysiologic Intraoperative Monitoring" is the only practical source for essential information on the clinical practice of NIOM. Useful for both training and day-to-day review, this handy manual is divided into two sections. Section One, 'Basic Principles' covers the modalities used in monitoring, but also rarely discussed topics including remote monitoring, billing, ethical issues, and a buyer's guide for those trying to set up laboratories.The second section reviews the clinical use of NIOM in surgery, presenting the basics of anatomy, physiology, and surgery of the various procedures, followed by details of the monitoring modalities and their interpretive criteria. Special features of this title include: portability - easy to carry and use, all major types of surgeries for which NIOM is requested, information on buying, training, set-up, and billing that is not available anywhere else, a unique technical section at the end of each chapter that reviews the logistics of monitoring a particular type of surgery. This title is useful for trainees and experienced clinicians.
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